Covering three floors on a 30,000 square meter site, the museum exhibits over 50 retired trains, from steam locomotives to more recent electric trains and Shinkansen. Visitors can also walk underneath and observe the inner workings of a retired freight locomotive.
The museum displays railway uniforms, tools and an abundance of other appurtenances from past eras and boasts one of Japan's largest dioramas, in which miniature trains are controlled single-handedly by a skilled operator. There are also a variety of interactive exhibitions where visitors can perform the duties of a train conductor or drive a train simulator. The museum's restaurant is on the second floor directly below an observation deck. Both offer nice views of the passing trains along the JR Kyoto Line and Tokaido Shinkansen.